As part of its auditing and investigation activities, the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ) uses different strategies to counter behaviours that contravene the rules in force in the industry. Sometimes, prevention and awareness raising are sufficient to make the point. At other times, it is necessary to take stronger dissuasive and repressive action.
The CCQ takes various factors into account when it prioritizes the cases for auditing and investigation, including the type of contravener involved and the dangerousness of the situation. It intensifies and diversifies its interventions depending on the situation.
Approach depending on type of contravener
The CCQ adapts its intervention strategies to match the contravener concerned. The CCQ defines three types of contravener:
- Those who are generally compliant – who choose compliancy. If they commit an infraction it is because they don’t know the rules or lack administrative discipline
- Contraveners – who have found ways to get around the rules and use some of them
- Chronic contraveners – who do everything they can to get around the rules and use complex, sophisticated stratagems
The vast majority of companies and workers intend to comply with the rules. The CCQ chooses communication and awareness raising to encourage them to continue down this path.
For contraveners, the CCQ changes its approach to emphasize dissuasive actions. It conducts audits more frequently and monitors the targeted workers and employers more closely. It takes the necessary measures to encourage them to be more compliant.
Top priority: Remove chronic contraveners
When it comes to chronic contraveners, the CCQ uses every means and recourse possible to get them out of the game. It uses all of the powers available to it and coordinates its actions with those of other surveillance agencies likely to intervene effectively in these cases. For instance, the CCQ cooperates with Revenu Québec, the Unité permanente anticorruption (UPAC), the Régie du bâtiment du Québec, the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST), and police forces, including the Sûreté du Québec.
The importance of acting together
All stakeholders in the industry have an interest in seeing that everyone respects the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and workforce management in the construction industry (Act R-20), the related regulations, and the collective agreements.
A noncompliant company benefits from lower operating costs, which is unfair competition. People who do construction work without holding a competency certificate keep a skilled worker from having work.
By reporting a noncompliant situation, you help to increase compliance in the industry.