Complying with apprentice-journeyperson ratios

Complying with apprentice-journeyperson ratios

Under the Regulation Respecting Vocational Training and Qualification of the Workforce in the Construction Industry (Act R-20, chap. r.8), the employer may have tasks executed by an apprentice only under the immediate supervision of a journeyperson from the same trade. If the tasks are part of more than one trade, the apprentice must be under the immediate supervision of a journeyperson from one of these trades. Two concepts need to be explained concerning journeyperson/apprentice ratios, which must be calculated in accordance with Sections 19 and 20 of this regulation: 

Journeyperson/apprentice book ratio (proportion):

For a single working day and for all of your job sites, you must ensure that the proportion for a given trade complies with the standards established per sector.

Employers may hire another apprentice when there is one journeyperson over the ratio required (or all multiples of this ratio).

Book ratios in the industry are from 1 to 2 journeypersons required per apprentice, depending on the trade and the sector where the activity is carried out: residential, industrial, institutional and commercial, or civil engineering and roads.

Job-site journeyperson/apprentice ratios (proportions) 

For a single day of work on a job site, the proportion for a given trade must, at minimum, correspond to 1 journeyperson for 1 apprentice. 

For each journeyperson on the job, it is possible to supervise an extra apprentice, for a maximum of two apprentices on the site. This can occur under the two following conditions:

  1. One of the apprentices is in his or her final apprenticeship period. The trades with a single apprenticeship period (reinforcing steel erector, heavy equipment operator, and shovel operator) are excluded from this possibility

  2. One of the apprentices is a woman 

It is important to note that these situations are not cumulative, which means that employer who want to increase their ratio must have one person in the final apprenticeship period OR a woman. 

Consult the measures in force concerning women.


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