Act R-20

Since 1968, labour relations in the construction industry have been governed by a particular statute, the Act Respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training, and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry, commonly known as Act R-20. This statute and the resulting regulations are situated at the crossroads of two larger legislative and regulatory groupings: the one that governs construction work and the one governing labour relations.

Act R-20 is administered by the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ), a government organization funded mainly by the construction industry. The full text of the statute is also available from the Publications du Québec.

This law provides:

  • Provisions regarding the labour relations system that divide the industry into four sectors for the purpose of negotiating the collective agreements (industrial, institutional/commercial, civil engineering and roadwork, and residential);
  • The designation of employer associations and associations representing workers for the purpose of negotiating the collective agreements;
  • Mandatory union membership;
  • Application of working conditions for all workers and employers;
  • Mechanisms for degree employer and union representation;
  • The functions and composition of members of the CCQ, the Committee on Vocational Training in the Construction Industry (CFPIC) and the Construction Industry Social Benefits Committee;
  • The CCQ’s powers;
  • Exclusions from the field of application;
  • The functions of the Tribunal administratif du travail (TAT);
  • The negotiation process, content, entering into and scope of the collective agreements, and the conclusion of specific agreements;
  • Union freedom and security;
  • Criminal measures;
  • Determination of the roles and projects that may be subject to regulation under this statute.

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