Employer’s responsibilities

Once they have completed the steps involved in starting their company, hold a contractor’s licence, and are registered with the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ), contractors who do work covered by the Act Respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training, and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry (Act R-20) must assume certain responsibilities:

Download the Employer’s Practical Guide

Hiring workers

Employers involved in the construction industry must ensure that they hire workers holding the appropriate competency certificate and maintain a journeyman-apprentice ratio that respects the Regulation Respecting Vocational Training and Qualification of Manpower in the Construction Industry. In general, employers must also give priority to hiring workers residing in the region before using workers from other regions.

Application of working conditions

Working conditions are determined as part of negotiating the sector-based (commercial and institutional, industrial, civil engineering and roadwork, and residential) collective agreements between the employer associations and union associations for the Quebec construction industry as a whole. Therefore, all employers must make sure to respect them. This approach encourages healthy competition in an important sector.

Employers who contract work to a subcontractor are held jointly responsible for the wages due to the subcontractor’s workers, as provided in section 54 of Act R-20. To enable employers to assess the risk resulting from this legislative provision, the CCQ offers the situation letter service.

Hiring and termination of employment notices

Employers must notify the CCQ of workforce movements that take place on their construction sites through the CCQ’s online services. When they do this, the CCQ issues them a confirmation number for each hiring, lay-off, dismissal, firing, or departure transmitted to it.

Employers may use the online services to consult the hiring and termination numbers that have been issued to them for the previous twelve months. To avoid any inconveniences after this period, it is recommended that employers also keep a copy of the hiring or termination notice in their employees’ files.

Production of a monthly report

Employers and independent contractors that are active on construction sites subjected to Act R-20 must send a monthly report to the CCQ. The report contains information relating to workers hired, hours worked per sector, and so on. This document must be accompanied by a payment corresponding to the remittances and contributions set out in the collective agreements or Act R-20.

This obligation must be met before the 15th of the month following the monthly reporting period. The report and payment may be sent by one of the three transmission modes and payment modes available.

Keeping a payroll journal

Employers active in the construction industry must keep a payroll journal, and the journal must be kept at the place of business. The register must be made available to the CCQ if requested. All of the information that the journal must contain is listed in the Employer’s Practical Guide.

Joining the Association des entrepreneurs en construction du Québec (AECQ)

When they register with the CCQ, employers are required to join the AECQ, to which all employers in the construction industry must belong.

Contributions to the AECQ

The annual contribution payable to the AECQ is $225 and must be paid in a single instalment with production of the monthly report of October of the previous year.

The hourly contribution to the AECQ is $0.03 per hour worked when the monthly report is produced.

The minimum contribution remains at $5 per month. This is an obligatory contribution that must be made even if no activity is declared during a monthly period.

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