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Independent contractor

To act as an independent contractor in the construction industry, a company must not have employees. The work must be done by an individual (sole proprietorship), or by the designated representative in the case of a corporation or partnership.

The company must also:

  • Hold a licence from the Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ) in a specialized contractor subcategory;
  • Declare the hours worked as an independent contractor in the monthly report;
  • Do exclusively maintenance, repair, and minor renovation work. This work must not be executed for a Professional employer*

Only one independent contractor at a time is allowed on a site for maintenance, repairs, and minor renovation.

If it holds an RBQ licence in the excavation and earthworks subcategory, it may perform all types of construction work. 

* A professional employer is an employer whose main activity is to perform construction work and who usually hires employees for a type of work that falls under a collective agreement.